Osteoporosis is diagnosed by reviewing your medical history and may involve some specific tests that look at your bone strength.
Your doctor will firstly talk to you about:4
If you are at risk, enquire your doctor about a simple bone scan, which measures the bone density in your spine and hip. This test is called a DEXA (dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry).
A DEXA scan is:5
Access these great resources to learn more.
1 Amgen and International Osteoporosis Foundation. Fight the fracture IOF survey. 2017. osteoporosis.foundation/educational-hub/material/surveys.
2 Lee SH, et al. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2016;50:437–42.
3 Balasubramanian A, et al. Osteoporos Int 2019;30:79–92.
4 International Osteoporosis Foundation. Love your bones: Protect your future. 2016. osteoporosis.foundation/educational-hub/material/brochures.
5 NHS. Bone density scan (DEXA scan). 2019. www.nhs.uk
6 International Osteoporosis Foundation. Treatment. osteoporosis.foundation/patients/treatment.
7 Kanis JA, et al. Osteoporos Int 2013;24:23–57.
8 Black DM, et al. N Engl J Med 2007;356:1809–22.
9 Johansson H, et al. Osteoporos Int 2017;28:775–80.