Most of us have slipped, tripped or fallen over at one time or another. As we get older, falls become more common and the likelihood of injury increases. One third of people over the age of 65 will have a fall each year, and the risk of falling increases as you get older.1

A fall is one of the most common ways you can fracture a bone. Debilitating fractures such as a hip fracture often result in people not being able to live independently and may need to move to a nursing home or care facility. In addition, the experience of falling can result in patient’s feeling less in control and feeling afraid of falling again.2

What causes a fall?

As you grow older, changes in your body such as vision problems, weakening muscles and stiffening joints can increase your chance of falling. Falls can also be a sign of a health issue, medication side effect or balance problems. Even short-term illness (such as the flu and other infections) or surgery can temporarily increase your risk of falling. It is important to talk to your doctor about any falls you have. Don’t just dismiss them as ‘not concentrating’ or ‘clumsiness’.3

How can I prevent falls?

The good news is that many falls are preventable and there is plenty of help and support available for older people.

Here are some great strategies to improve your health and help reduce your risk of falling:3

  • Exercise: resistance training and balance exercises improve balance and coordination to reduce your risk of falling. A physiotherapist can help to develop a program that will work for you.
  • Health review: go over any health conditions and prescription medicines with your doctor, as some medicines can cause side effects such as dizziness.
  • Eyesight check: bad eyesight can mean you can’t see your surroundings properly, so get your eyesight tested regularly by an optometrist.
  • Nutrition: healthy eating can improve your muscle strength and general health, a nutritionist can also help.
  • Fall-proof your home: reduce hazards such as loose carpets, ensure stairwells are well lit and use non-slip mats in bathrooms and the kitchen. An occupational therapist or health visitor can help you to identify other trip hazards.




1 International Osteoporosis Foundation. Facts and statistics.

2 International Agency for Research on Cancer. Cancer Today. 2018.

3 International Osteoporosis Foundation. The Asia-Pacific regional audit. Epidemiology, costs & burden of osteoporosis in 2013.

4 International Osteoporosis Foundation. That’s osteoporosis. A compact guide to osteoporosis and its prevention and treatment. 2019.

5 Cooper C. Am J Med 1997;103:12S-17S; discussion 17S–19S.